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Religion in the Philippines

The early Filipino had pagan beliefs. They worshipped nature, deities and gods. Batala or Bathala is the most powerful God of the ancient Filipinos. Early Filipinos believe that Bathala is the creator an savior of the world. Followers of the Islam religion are called Muslim. Allah is the God and their bible is called Koran. Their place of worship is called Mosque and they called their priest Imam. Five Pillars of the Islam Religion, which the Muslim have to follow are Shahada, salat, zakat, Puasa, Hadji.

Filipinos completely embraced the Catholic Religion in the Spanih Regime. Philippine people learned to pray, hear mass and read the Bible. Likewise, they learned to often pray at 12 noon and at 6 in the evening for the Angelus or "orasyon". Prayer was made as a shield at all times. The Filipinos showed great respect to the altar, considered important in the celebration of that mass. Filipinos also paid homage to the different images of saints. This practice was strengthened by the fiestas that were celebrated towns in honor of the venerated patron saints.

The Filipinos also learned about the different Holy Sacraments like baptism, confirmation, marriage, confession, anointing of the sick, holy order and hearing mass. Although Christianity was widespread, there were still a number of Filipinos who did not accept the Spanish religion. The Muslims were among these people because at that time, the Islam religion had already been very well developed and strong.

In the American Period, the Protestant religion entered the country. It brought about other sects like Seventh-Day Adventist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Methodist, Lutherian and United Bretheren. Religion was not a huge matter for the Americans. The Philippine people were free to choose their own religion. The Americans strictly emphasized the separation of the Church and the State.

Religion is still the center of life on every Filipino including Catholics, Muslims, Buddists, Protestants and animists. Religious associations are part of the system of kinship ties, patronclient bonds, and other linkages outside the nuclear family. Today, Filipinos are given freedom to worship free to choose what religious group they want to join. Majority of the Filipinos about 85% are Roman Catholics. The rest are Buddhism, Protestants, El Shaddai, Jesus is Lord Movement, Jesus Miracle Crusade, United Methodist Church, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Ang Dating Daan, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Aglipayanism, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormonism, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism and Hinduism, Atheism and Agnosticism.


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