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Philippine Geography

The Philippines is the largest archipelago in the world that is found in the southeastern coast of the Asia mainland. Philippines is surrounded by water in which in the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Celebes Sea, and on the west and north by the South China Sea. The country consists of 7,107 island and islets. Only 2000 of these islands are inhibited. The populated and mountainous islands are grouped into three: Luzon, the biggest island group, covers 141,395 square kilometers; Visayas, 56,606 square kilometers; and Mindanao, 102,000 square kilometers. Other main islands are Samar, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Mindoro, Leyte, Cebu, Bohol and Masbate.

The Philipine Archipelago is divided into 15 regions. These regions are divided into provinces, and the provinces into cities and municipalities, and these into barangays. Barangay is the smallest political unit in the Philippines.

Region I - Ilocos
Region II - Cagayan Valley
REgion III - Central Luzon
Region IV - Southern Tagalog
Region V - Bicol
Region VI - Western Visayas
Region VII - Central Visayas
Region VIII - Eastern Visayas
Region IX - Western Mindanao
Region X - Northern Mindanao
Region XI - Southern Mindanao
Region XII - Central Mindanao
National Capital Region (NCR)
Cordillera Administrative Region
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

The Philippines is a unique combination of varied topography. Luzon and Mindanao is distinguished by narrow valleys, alluvial plains. rolling hills and high mountains. The highest mountains are found in the larger islands which are Luzon and Mindanao that the mountain ranges are running north to south. The altitudes of the mountains vary from 1,790 to 3,144 meters. These mountains ranges are the natural barriers of the country. These mountain ranges are the sierra Madre, the Cordillera, and the Cotabato ranges. The four major lowlands are found in Eastern Cordillera, Central plain of Luzon, Agusan and Zambales. The smaller islands of the Philippines are mountainous in the interior and sourround by narrow strips of discontinuous flat lowlands which constitute the coastal rims. There are about 221 volcanoes, 21 of which are active.

Philippine has the finest seaports in Southeast Asia the Manila Bay that has an area of 1,970 square kilometers and coastline of 192 kilometers. Philippines hsa an estimated coastline of 18,411 kilometers. There island of the Philippines has beautiful coral reefs which attracts tourist from all over the world.

Philippines also has a volcanic topography because it sits in the unstable Pacific "Ring of Fire". Philippines had experienced major natural disasters in the past. Two mojor volcanic eruptions that struck the country are from Mt. Pinatubo and Mt. Mayon Volcano. Thge eruption killed hundreds and displaced thousand of people. Homes and source of living were distroyed that left nothing to the people.


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