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Climate in the Philippines

The Philippines has a maritime tropical climate and has two distinct seasons, rainy and dry season. The temperature average range from 23° to 32° Celcius (73° to 90° F) in the entire archipelago throughout the year. The humidity varies from 75% to 85% depending on the time of the year. The dry season is from November to April and the Wet season is from May to October. In Baguio (The summer Capital of the Philippines), temperature averages 18.3°C. The season differ throughout the islands because of the varying exposures to the two major wind belt, monsoon or northeast trades (winter) and southwest monsoon (summer). Because of these wind belts that affect our climate, the east coasts receive heavy winter rainfall and the west coasts heavy summer rainfall. Rainfall measures from 5,000 millimeters in the mountainous east coast section of the country, but less than 1,000 millimeters in some of the sheltered valleys in the entire year.

The Philippine archipelago is located also in the typhoon belt. That is why Philippines is hit by numerous typhoon and storm starting in the month of July through October but sometimes it extend to December. The places that the typhoon struck are the Northern and Eastern Luzon and the Bicol and Eastern Visayas Region. The strength of the typhoon differ each year. An average of 25 typhoons visit the Philippines each year.

Not only typhoon, Philippines is also hit by drought called the El Niņo. This occur from the dry season and extend to the wet season. There is no rainfall in a long time.


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