President of the Philippines, Last President of the
Philippine Commonwealth and First President of the Third
Republic of the Philippines
May 28, 1946 - April 5, 1948
Date of Birth: January 1, 1892
Place of Birth: Capiz
Father: Gerardo Roxas
Mother: Rosario Acuna
Espouse: Trinidad de Leon
Children: Ruby and Gerardo
Date of Birth: April 15, 1948
Place of Death: Angeles City,Pampanga
Cause of death: Heart Attack
Age at Death: 56
Elementary and Secondary
• Pampublikong Paaralan ng Capiz
• College of St. Joseph in HongKong
• Mataas na Paaralan ng Maynila
• Bachelor of Law, University of the Philippines
IMPORTANT NOTES IN HISTORY
- Topped the bar
examination in 1913.
- Worked as
Personal Secretary of Supreme Justice Cayetano
- Taught Law at
the Philippine Law School and National University.
- Was a town
counselor of Capiz.
governor of Capiz in 1919.
- Named chairman
of the Provincial Governors Convention.
- Ran for
Congressman of Capiz in 1922 and won.
- Was Speaker of
the House of Representatives (1935).
- With Osmena,
he led the mission about Independence from the United
States and was helped by Jorge Jacobo, Jayme de Veyra
and Catalino Lavandia.
- His group
obtained the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act from the US
Congress, which gave independence to the Philippines
for ten years.
Outstanding Representative at the Constitutional
Convention in 1934-1935.
Secretary of Finance by Quezon.
- Was Chairman
of the Board of Directors of the National Economic
- Topped the
senatorial race in the 1941 election.
- Served in the
Philippine Army when the World War II broke out.
- Aide d' Camp
of Gen. Douglas McArthur in Corregidor.
- Was President
of the Philippine Commonwealth on April 23, 1946.
- Was President
of the Philippines during the Japanese regime.
- Headed the
Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
which aimed at persuading the Filipinos to surrender
and come to terms with the Japanese.
- One of those
who made the Constitution of the
- On July 5,
1943, people who were mad at him tried to kill him
because of his friendship with the Japanese.
- Captured by
the Japanese in Mindanao and detained at Camp Casisag.
- Joined hand
with the United States to uplift the economy of the
country ravaged by war.
- Under his
reign, an agreement on the Philippine Trade Act of
1946 was reached where a free trade between the
Philippines and America was established.