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Philippine President - MANUEL ROXAS y ACUNA
 

Manuel Roxas - Fifth Philippine PresidentFifth President of the Philippines, Last President of the Philippine Commonwealth and First President of the Third Republic of the Philippines
May 28, 1946 - April 5, 1948

PERSONAL DATA
Date of Birth: January 1, 1892
Place of Birth: Capiz
Father: Gerardo Roxas
Mother: Rosario Acuna
Espouse: Trinidad de Leon
Children: Ruby and Gerardo
Date of Birth: April 15, 1948
Place of Death: Angeles City,Pampanga
Cause of death: Heart Attack
Age at Death: 56

 
EDUCATION
Elementary and Secondary
Pampublikong Paaralan ng Capiz
College of St. Joseph in HongKong
Mataas na Paaralan ng Maynila
College
Bachelor of Law, University of the Philippines
 
IMPORTANT NOTES IN HISTORY
  • Topped the bar examination in 1913.
  • Worked as Personal Secretary of Supreme Justice Cayetano Arellano.
  • Taught Law at the Philippine Law School and National University.
  • Was a town counselor of Capiz.
  • Elected governor of Capiz in 1919.
  • Named chairman of the Provincial Governors Convention.
  • Ran for Congressman of Capiz in 1922 and won.
  • Was Speaker of the House of Representatives (1935).
  • With Osmena, he led the mission about Independence from the United States and was helped by Jorge Jacobo, Jayme de Veyra and Catalino Lavandia.
  • His group obtained the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act from the US Congress, which gave independence to the Philippines for ten years.
  • Named Outstanding Representative at the Constitutional Convention in 1934-1935.
  • Named Secretary of Finance by Quezon.
  • Was Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Economic Council.
  • Topped the senatorial race in the 1941 election.
  • Served in the Philippine Army when the World War II broke out.
  • Aide d' Camp of Gen. Douglas McArthur in Corregidor.
  • Was President of the Philippine Commonwealth on April 23, 1946.
  • Was President of the Philippines during the Japanese regime.
  • Headed the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence which aimed at persuading the Filipinos to surrender and come to terms with the Japanese.
  • One of those who made the Constitution of the Japanese-Sponsored-Philippine Republic.
  • On July 5, 1943, people who were mad at him tried to kill him because of his friendship with the Japanese.
  • Captured by the Japanese in Mindanao and detained at Camp Casisag.
  • Joined hand with the United States to uplift the economy of the country ravaged by war.
  • Under his reign, an agreement on the Philippine Trade Act of 1946 was reached where a free trade between the Philippines and America was established.
 
 

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