President of the Republic of the Philippines and First
president of the Philippine Commonwealth
Nov. 15, 1935-Aug. 1, 1944
Date of Birth: August 19, 1878
Place of Birth: Baler, Tayabas
Father: Lucio Quezon
Mother: Maria Dolores Molina
Espouse: Aurora Aragon
Children: Maria Aurora, Zenaida and Manuel, Jr.
Date of Death: August 1, 1944
Place of Death: Saranac Lake, New York, U.S.
Cause of Death: Tuberculosis
Age at Death: 66
Elementary and Secondary
• Colegio de San Juan de Letran
• Bachelor of Arts, Colegio de San Juan de Letran (1894)
• Bachelor of Law, University of Sto. Tomas
IMPORTANT NOTES IN HISTORY
- He was called
"Ama ng Wikang Pambansa" because of his campaign for
Filipino as the the national language.
- Worked as
manservant of Rev. Father Teodoro Fernandez, in a
church in Intramuros
Bachelor of Arts at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran
at the age of 16
Started law practice in 1903
governor of Tayabas (now Quezon) in 1905.
- He never
tasted defeat in politics.
- Was a member
of the first Philippine Assembly in 1906.
- As resident
commissioner in the U.S. Congress (1909-1916), he
strongly fought for Philippine Independence.
- Was designated
Lieutenant, Captain and Major in the Army during the
Philippine Revolution and the Filipino-American War.
- Served under
the leadership Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo and Gen. Tomas
the Philippines in the International Congress of
Navigation in St. Petersburg, Russia in 1908.
- Chairman of
the majority group, First Philippine Assembly.
- Returned from
the United States after the passing of the Jones Law
in 1916, the law which states that the Philippines
would be given independence if the Filipinos could
prove that they had the capability to run their own
- Was Senate
President in 1923.
- Assured the
passing of the Tydings-McDuffie Law which provides for
a 10-year moratorium for the independence of the
Philippines and which allows for the holding of a
President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines on
September 17, 1935.
- The first
Filipino Leader to reside at the Malacañang Palace.
- Initiated the
official use of the national language through the
Commonwealth Law No. 570.
- After the
Japanese Regime, he fled to the United States where he
governed the Philippines up' to the last days of his
- According to
him, he would prefer a worst government run by
Filipinos to an ideal government run by Americans.