President of the Philippines and President of the Second
Republic of the Philippines
October 14, 1943 - August 15, 1945
Date of Birth: March 9, 1891
Place of Birth: Tanauan, Batangas
Father: Sotero Laurel
Mother: Jacoba Garcia
Espouse: Prudencia Hidalgo
Children: Jose II, Jose III, Sotero , Natividad, Rosenda,
Potenciana, Mariano, Salvador and Arsenio
Date of Death: November 6, 1959
Place of Death: Manila
Cause of Death: Heart Attack
Age at Death: 68
Elementary and Secondary
• Mataas na Paaralan ng Tanauan
• Colegio de San Juan de Letran
• Manila High School
• Bachelor of Laws, University of the Philippines (1915)
• Master of Laws, Escuela de Derecho (1919)
• Doctor of Civil Laws, Yale University, United States
• Doctor of Philosophy, University of Santo Tomas,
• Doctor of Laws, Tokyo Imperial University, Tokyo,
IMPORTANT NOTES IN HISTORY
- While he has
the capability to leave the country during the
Japanese regime, he chose to face the trials that
besieged the country.
- Tasked by
President Quezon to reconciled with the Japanese to
save his countrymen.
- Accused of
being a collaborator, traitor and pro-Japanese.
- Worked at the
Bureau of Forestry to finance his studies in spite of
his parents' capability to send him to school.
- Obtained the
second highest grade in the bar exam.
- One of his
professors in his Law courses was U.S. Supreme Court
Chief Justice and U.S. President William Howard Taft.
- Author of a
book about law, the Constitutional Law of the
- Was temporary
Chairman of the Constitutional Convention before the
election of its president Ciaro M. Recto.
- One of the
so-called Seven Wise Men who studied the Constitution.
- Was Assistant
Secretary and later Secretary of the Interior in 1922.
- Was Associate
Justice of the Supreme Court in 1936.
- Spoke at the
Congress for the interest of the Japanese upon his
return from Tokyo Imperial University in Japan.
- Was president
of the Japanese-Sponsored Philippine Republic during
the Japanese Regime.
through the order of Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur for
collaboration and was jailed at Sugamo Prison near
- Was tried with
some Filipinos who were suspected of conniving with
the Japanese by a court of the people after the return
of the Philippine Commonwealth.
- Bested the
twenty candidates for senator under the reign of
- Tasked by
President Magsaysay to head, the Economic Mission
where the Laurel-Langley Agreement, an agreement on
trade and industry, was reached.
- Was Chancellor
of the National Teachers College and founded the
National Economic Development Authority.
- Founded the
Lyceum of the Philippines in Intramuros and the
Philippine Banking Corporation.