and the Second Woman
President of the Republic of the Philippines
January 20, 2001 - Present
Date of Birth: April 5, 1947
Place of Birth: San Juan, Rizal
Father: Diosdado Macapagal, Sr.
Mother: Evangelina Macaraeg
Espouse: Atty. Jose Miguel T. Arroyo
Children: Juan Miguel, Evengelina Lourdes and Diosdado
Elementary and High School
• Assumption Convent
• Bachelor of Science in Commerce, Assumption Convent
• Bachelor of Arts in Economics, Georgetown University,
• UPSE Fellowship, (1970-1971)
• Japan Foundation Grant (1976-1977)
• Master of Arts in Economics, Ateneo de Manila
• Rockefeller Foundation, Scholarship (1978-1983)
• PhD in Economics, University of the Philippines (1985)
IMPORTANT NOTES IN HISTORY
- Taught at
Maryknoll College (now Miriam College), St.
Scholastica College, Ateneo de Manila University and
School of Economics of the University of the
- Was Head of
the Department of Economics of the College of The
- Was Head and
President of the UP Health Maintenance Organ-ization (UPHMO),
Editor, Center for the Economic Progress of the
Philippines. (PCED, 1994-1998).
- Head, UPEcon
secretary, Department of Trade and Industry.
Editor, Committee on Clothing and Textile.
Secretary and Governor, Committee on Investments
- Started in ihe
public service when she was named Assistant secretary
of the Department of Trade and Industry from 1989 to
- Topped the
senatorial race in 1992 and 1995.
- Served as
Secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and
Development under the government of Joseph Estrada.
- Authored 55
bills on economic and social reforms.
Outstanding Senator of the Trade Union Congress of the
- Tagged by
Asiaweek Magazine as one of the Most Powerful Women in
- Honored as
Woman of the Year by the Association of the Catholic
Teachers of the Philippines.
- Elected Vice
President of the Republic of the Philippines on May
11, 1998 where the total votes she garnered exceeded
that of President Estrada's.
- Took oath
under Chief Justice Hilario Davide as President of the
Republic of the Philippines on January 20, 2001 at the
EDSA Shrine after President Estrada left Malacanang.
President of the Republic of the Philippines for six
years in , the national election of May 10,2004.
- Reaped the ire
of the people because she sided with President George
Bush of the United States when he declared war on
- Her government
faced a fiscal crisis because of the continued
increase in the price of oil in the world market and
the worsening economy.
- Under her
rein, truck driver Angelo dela Cruz and accountant
Robert Tarongoy were taken hostages in Iraq and also
United Nations volunteer Angelito Nayan in
administration was faced with damages to properties
caused by strong typhoons Unding, Violeta, Winnie and
Yoyong which brought about floods and great havoc to
crops and infrastractures in several provinces like