and the First Woman President of the Republic of the
February 26, 1986 - June 30, 1992
Date of Birth: January 25, 1933
Place of Birth: Manila
Father: Jose Cojuangco
Mother: Demetria Sumulong
Espouse: Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.
Children: Maria, Aurora, Benigno III, Victoria and
Elementary and Secondary
• St. Scholastica's College
• Ravenhill Academy in Philadelphia, United States
• Notre Dame Convent School in New York
• Bachelor of Arts, College of Mount Saint Vincent in
New York (1953)
• Doctor of Humanities, honoris causa, College of Mount
Saint Vincent, New York, Ateneo de Manila University,
Xavier University (Philippines)
• Doctor of Humanities, honoris causa, University of
Boston, Fordham University, Waseda University (Tokyo),
Far Eastern University, and University of Sto. Tomas
• Honoris Causa, Stonehill College (Massachusetts)
IMPORTANT NOTES IN HISTORY
- Agreed to run
for president against Marcos in the February 7, 1986
Snap Election after her supporters gathered a million
- Installed as
the President of the Republic of the Philippines on
February 25, 1986 because of the historic People's
Power which stripped Marcos of power.
- Took oath
under Supreme Court Justice Claudio Teehankee as
President of the Philippines at Club Filipino.
- Implemented a
program of reconciliation and freed political
prisoners like Bernabe Buscayno of the New People's
Army and Jose Maria Sison of the Communist Party of
- Retained the
presidential form of government.
- Under her
reign,a national plebiscite was held to ratify the
amendments to the 1935 Constitution on February 2,
- Named Woman of
the Year by Time Magazine.
- Awarded the
Gawad Eleanor Roosevelt for Human Rights
- Her popularity
waned because of the people around her who wanted to
exact vengeance on Marcos.
- Six coup d'
etat aimed at overthrowing her government took place
during her reign, the two bloodiest of which took
place in 1987 and 1989.
- The country
went through great problems and calamities during her
reign like the earthquake of, July 16, 1990; Typhoon
Rufing and increase in the price of oil due to the
Middle East War and the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in