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Philippines Basic Facts and Figures
Official Name: Republic of the Philippines
Official Languages: Filipino and English
Total Area: 300,000 sq. km. (116,610 sq. miles)
Elevation: Highest: Mt. Apo over 10,000 feet
Population: 60,559,116 (estimated 1990); 70,559,000 (estimated 1996); 76,058,573 (estimated 2001)
Distribution: 54% rural, 46% urban
Main Products: Agriculture: banana, cassava, coconut, corn, pinenapple, rice, sugarcane, sweet potato, swine and poultry
  Forestry: ebony, kapok, Philippine mahogany
  Marine: milkfish (bangus), scad, shrimp, sponges, tuna, mother of pearl
  Mining: chromite, copper, gold, nickel
  Manufacturing: cement, chemicals, garments, electronic equipment, foods and beverages, petroleum products, textiles, wood products, fashion jewelry
Basic Monetary Unit: Peso
Weights and Measures: Metric system
Largest Cities: Manila, Quezon City, Davao City, Cebu City and Zamboanga
Religion: Roman Catholic 83%, Protestant 9%, Muslim 5%, Buddhist 3% and others
Ethnic Groups: Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, others including Spanish and Chinese mestizos 3%
Major Dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampango, Ilonggo
National Flag: A field of two horizontal bands, blue on top and red at the bottom. During war, the colors are reversed. They are joined at the staff side be a white triangle, in the middle of which is an eight-rayed sun that represents liberty. In each corner of the triangle is a yellow star, which stands for the major island groups of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.

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